All About Campania
is divided into 5 Provinces, including 551 municipalities, with a total
population of over 5,700,000 inhabitants. It is a region celebrated for
its climate, the fertility of the lands and the astonishingly beautiful
landscapes. The territory is mostly gentle hills, apart from the Matese
mountains bordering Molise and the rugged Irpinia area. Vesuvius in the
Gulf of Naples is one of the very few still active volcanoes in Europe.
The two beautiful gulfs of Naples and Salerno, separated by the Sorrento
peninsula, are world famous for the high cliffs, sandy bays , grottoes
and islands (Ischia, Procida, Capri).
The population is concentrated around Naples and Salerno,
while the mountainous hinterland has a low population density. Agriculture
is mostly intensive, cattle raising and fishing are declining, industries
are mostly concentrated in the Neapolitan area, and crafts based on coral
and ceramics are sill quite important. But the greatest resource is probably
tourism, since Naples, Capri, Sorrento, Pompei, Paestum, Caserta are world-famous
Campania region of Italy stretches from the southern Apennine mountain
range to the coastline between the Gulf of Gaeta and the Gulf of Policastro.
The Sorrento peninsula is characterized by its steep coast and wonderful
sandy beaches. The Campania region is easy to reach by plane (Naples,
Rome). You will have to allow more time if you're driving. This part of
Italy was once very popular among the Greeks and it's here that you'll
find the wonderful Cilento National Park region, a real treasure among
parks. Here you can relax on empty beaches for most months of the year
(apart from August), enjoy the mountainous landscape and the beauty of
the natural environment.
and Naples are just as easy to reach for a day trip as the spectacular
Amalfi coast and the Paestum and Velia archaeological dig sites. Indeed,
given that work is still been done on these digs, it's a good opportunity
to get a close-up insight into the work of archaeologists. The Italians
here are better Italians, that is, they're really Greeks.
The Campania region is also a good place for a traditional beach holiday,
but if you spend all your time on the beach, you'll be missing out on
a great deal. Hiking, riding, fishing, diving, wind surfing and sailing
To the east of Naples lie Pompei and Herculaneum, the most well-preserved
cities of classical antiquity. The brooding presence of the still-active
volcano Vesuvius in the background serves as a constant reminder of what
happened on that day in 79 AD when clouds of ash gushed angrily skywards.
Most of the finds from the excavations at the sites are on show in Naples’
spectacular National Archeological museum.
Capri, facing the Bay of Naples’ eastern prong, is an island of
vast natural beauty and enchantment. The only downside is that unfortunately
millions of other people think so too. Off-season you will be able to
get a much better feel for Capri, and spend less money staying or eating
there. Its best-known sights are the faraglioni rocks which jut dramatically
out of the sea and the Grotta Azzurra, a grotto whose mesmerising blue
interior is a result of the sunlight reaching it through the water.
Guarding the other prong of the Bay of Naples is Ischia, which unlike
Capri, offers a more rough and ready island experience. Famous for its
thermal springs since Roman times, the prettiest spot on the island is
the former fishing village of Sant’Angelo on the south of the island.
Less known and less spectacular is Procida, the island closest to Naples.
the mainland, across from Capri, is the Amalfi coast with its sheer jaw-dropping
and hair-raising beauty, huddled as it is along a long and winding coast
of rocky cliffs. Sorrento is a classic resort town and its old centre
retains much southern charm and has a lively evening scene of locals enjoying
the breeze and passing the time in its main piazzas. Positano, though
small, is more cosmopolitan and lined with exclusive clothing boutiques
and some good beaches which rarely get crowded. Villages before and after
it (such as Furore and Atrani) are recommended since the views are equally
stunning and the prices more contained. Amalfi is the largest town and
in many ways the highlight of the coast with its houses literally grappled
on to a wide cleft in the cliffs; Ravello (a 25 minute bus ride from Amalfi)
stands like a jewel in the crown; 335 metres up one of the coast’s
mountains and offers unrivalled views and a more refined feel than any
of the other cities.
Monti Picentini Regional Nature Park
The park encompasses the Picentini mountain chain containing the largest
forest in southern Italy. This typical mountain environment features steep
slopes, gorges, caves and the sources ("mineral water") of numerous
streams including the Tenza that flows into the Sele. Wolves, golden eagles,
and goshawks inhabit its extensive woodlands. The parklands include the
WWF Oases of Mount Polveracchio, Valle Della Caccia, and Valle dell'Accelica.
Partenio Regional Nature Park
Set up to protect the mountain range it is named after, the park is notable
for its different species of animal life, including wolves, martens, moles,
sparrow-hawks, buzzards, owls, woodpeckers, and rare reptiles.
The Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park
park stretches from the Tyrrhenian coast to the foot of the Campania-Lucanian
Apennines, including the peaks of the Albumi, Cervati, and Gelbison, as
well as the coastal spurs of mounts Bulgheria and Stella. Its peculiarity
derives from the extent and diversity of the land it encompasses. The
landscape is unaltered in some parts and modified in others through the
presence of towns and densely populated valleys. The park also contains
mount Cervatis, which at a height of 1,899 meters is the tallest in Campania.
This "record" and its naturalistic aspects make the Cervati
and the Sacro or Gelbison mountain range a unique morphological system.
The Alburni range, named after albus due to the presence of white Cretaceous
limestone, marks the northern part of Cilento, covering an area of about
two hundred square meters. The limestone has resulted in the creation
of a number of caves, such as Pertosa and Castelcivita, which have been
inhabited since Neolithic times. The Alburni are a natural balcony overlooking
the whole of the Sele, Tanagro, and Calore plains and the inland spurs
of Cilento. The coastal plain, where there are two marine parks (In freschi
and Santa Maria di Castellabate), looks Mediterranean with its sequence
of small inlets, little sandy beaches, rock faces, and promontories beneath
old watchtowers.The bird life is particularly interesting from a naturalistic-scientific
viewpoint. Birds found in the area include the golden eagle, rock partridge
The green, greater red and black woodpeckers also nest in these parts.
Other attractions include the sparrow hawk and mammals such as the wild
boar, marten, badger, fox, and wolf. The flora and vegetation are no less
impressive. The approximately three thousand botanical species form a
mosaic of landscapes ranging from the rich and varied Mediterranean maquis
to the coastal Aleppo pine forests; from ilex groves to mixed woods of
broadleaf trees up in the hills and at the foot of the mountains, and
beech woods up in the mountains with the odd white fir and birch. The
Primula palinuri and Genista cilentina are also worthy of note.
Lago di Conza Oasis
This oasis set up on the alluvial plain of Lake Conza is notable for its
hygrophile woods of white willows, tamarisks, alders, and Italian poplars,
for its extensive hawthorns, dog-rose, blackthorn, elder, and pubescent
oak hedges, and for its marshland vegetation featuring ditch reeds, cattails,
irises, arrowheads, and water buttercups. During the migratory season,
over 100 species of birds have been detected in the area.
Places to see and things to do in Campania
Originally inhabited by the Ausoni (or Aurunci) and Opici, In the 8th
century BC the region was colonized by the Greeks who founded the city
of Cuma. In the 6th century BC the Etruscans established around Capua
a federation of twelve towns, which fought and defeated the Greeks in
524 and 474 BC. Then in the 5th century BC both Capua and Cuma were conquered
by the warlike Samnites. Between 343 and 290 BC three wars were fought
between Samnites and Romans, who finally occupied the region. Rich Roman
families built villas and gardens in the beautiful Neapolitan Gulf, until
the ominous Vesuvius eruption in 89 AD covered in lava the Roman cities
of Pompei and Ercolanus.
After the fall of the roman Empire Campania was alternatively under the
Goths and the Byzanthines, then it was conquered by the Lombards in 570
AD who established here the Dukedom of Benevento, while Amalfi became
a rich independent sea trade center. In 1139 the region was conquered
by the Normans, then became part of the Kingdom of Sicily under the Anjou
(13th century) and Aragonese (15th century). The Spaniards (1503-1707)
were followed by the Austrians (1707 to 1734) until Charles VII Bourbon
(1734) became King of Naples. After the unity to Italy in 1860 there arose
serious economic problems, among them a cholera epidemic in 1884, events
which started a massive exodus of the population to the North of Italy
and abroad. During WW2 the Allied Anglo-American forces landed at on 9
September 1943 and the bombings that followed, as well as the destruction
caused by the retreating Germans caused innumerable victims among the
Museo Archeologico Nazionale (National Archaeological
Museum of Naples) – If there's one museum
in Naples to take the kids, this is it. The National Archeological Museum
has all the good stuff from Pompeii
The collection includes Greek and Roman sculptures, a famous mosaic of Alexander
the Great, arms and gladiator's helmets, silverware from homes in Pompeii,
plus the Medici collection of cameos and engraved gems (a must for anyone
in your family who likes jewellery). Don't miss the detailed model of Pompeii
on the first floor.
and Aquarium – The Villa Communale is an old city park
along the bay, with lots of shady trees and fountains. In the center
of the park is the Aquarium (Aquario). The Aquarium is old fashioned in
that 19th century style, but it does have tanks with local marine life
from the Bay of Naples. The park extends for nearly a mile along the water,
so enjoy the pedestrian promenade on
the Via Caracciolo.
From the Villa Communale, head down the via Partenope towards the imposing
Castel dell'Ovo. Castel dell'Ovo (Castle
of the Egg) sits out on a little island surrounded by a marina.
The Catacombs of San Gennaro –
Naples is famous for the festival of San Gennaro (St. Januarius) where
the blood of the saint miraculously liquefies. San Gennaro was originally
buried in these catacombs, which are usually light and airy. The walls
decorated with frescoes of the saint. (The entrance to the catacombs is
to the left of the church of the Madre del Buon Consiglio.)
Capodimonte Observatory – This
astronomical observatory is the oldest in Italy. The Observatory has an
historical museum with a collection of astronomical instruments –
old brass and wooden telescopes, clocks, and an exquisite 16th century
gilt-covered celestial globe. From the observatory there is a wonderful
view of Naples and the bay. Near by
are the lovely Capodimonte Gardens (Parco di
Pompeii and Herculaneum
When Vesuvius popped its top in August, 79 AD, it spewed ashes in all
directions, neatly burying the towns of Pompeii, Herculaneum, and several
others. For more than a thousand years, the buried towns were forgotten,
until the 18th century, when Herculaneum was discovered, then Pompeii.
Pompeii has been almost completely excavated, a time capsule of Roman
Pompeii – There's something about
a ghost town that's very appealing. Pompeii has a lot to see, so take
your time. Check out the baths for ideas on remodeling your bathroom at
home. The civic and theatre areas are good for a run. A personal favourite
is the Villa of Mysteries.
Climb to the top Mt. Vesuvius –
A road leads most of the way up, and it's not a long climb to the top
(650 feet up). The trail is well maintained, but good closed-toed shoes
are a must. The inside of the crater is awesome and from the top of the
volcano, it feels like you're on top of the world.
Herculaneum (Ercolano) – Like
Pompeii, Herculaneum was also buried in the ash and mud from Mt. Vesuvius
in 79 AD. Many private houses have been preserved, as well as shops, such
as a wine shop with wine jars on the counter. Don't miss the House of
Neptune and Amphitrite with its graceful mosaics on the walls.
Palace (Palazzo Reale), Caserta – In Star Wars Episode I,
the inside of Queen Amidala's palace is really the Royal Palace at Caserta.
The movie was filmed at Caserta for the interior shots of the palace.
This 18th century palace, built by Charles IV (Charles III of Spain) rivals
Versailles in size and luxury – it's bigger. The gardens for the
Royal Palace cover a large area, with forests, ponds, waterfalls and fountains.
Look for the castle that was a playhouse for the princes.
Solfatara Volcano (Pozzuoli) – Solfatara Volcano is a big
wide shallow crater, with bubbling mud pools, steaming fumaroles and yellow
and red encrustation's from the sulphur. Long a popular spot with travelers,
Solfatara was thought to be the entrance to hell by the Romans. Famous
as a spa since the middle ages, people came to the volcano for the sulphurous
waters. (All the bubbling pools and steam jets are fenced off.)
Cave of the Sibyl, Cuma – Cuma
(or Cumae) conjures up stories from Virgil's Aeneid. In the story, the
Trojan Aeneas is instructed by his dead father to stop at Cumae, where
Aeneas consults Sibyl, the oracle of Apollo, in her cave. Looking down
the long gallery in the cave, it's easy to imagine the mysterious Sibyl
in the shadows.
From Pozzuoli, catch the ferry to island
of Ischia, or Sorrento at the other end of the bay for a day trip. The
port at Pozzuoli has colourful fishing
boats and you can catch the ferry to the island of Ischia for a day trip.
The beach at Torregaveta is a long sandy
beach and has good places to swim .
Island of Ischia – Take a scenic
boat trip to Ischia, the largest of the islands in the Bay of Naples.
Spend the day relaxing on the long sandy beaches
(Maronti is the longest), or in the thermal
springs. Visit the dramatic Castello
d'Ischia, a 14th century castle in the Spanish style, perched on
a rocky promontory overlooking the sea.
National Railway Museum of Pietrarsa (Museo
Nazionale Ferroviaria di Pietrarsa) – Situated between Naples
and Portici, the National Railway Museum is located on the site of the
original factory where locomotives were built in the 19th century. The
Museum has an extensive collection of steam and diesel locomotives in
pristine condition, as well as elegant dining cars and train models.
Capri – It's a close hop from
Naples over to the island of Capri. Ride the hydrofoil
or take the ferry. From the Marina Grande,
you can take a boat to Blue Grotto,
or ride the funicular (tramway) up to
the town of Capri. Walk out of town for great views or take the local
bus between Marina Grande, Capri and Anacapri.
Coast – The Amalfi Coast is famous for it's vertiginous cliffs
and spectacular scenery. There are good swimming beaches
sprinkled up and down the coast. Most charge a fee for access to the beach.
Visit the Emerald Grotto (Grotto dello Smeraldo)
– you take an elevator down to the cavern and a boat ride through
the green waters. Splurge on a submarine ride
on the "Tritone" around Capri, exploring the underwater scenery.
Paestum – Paestum is a little
bit of ancient Greece in Italy. Poseidonia was founded by the Greeks in
the 6th century BC, later the Romans called it Paestum. Today Paestum
has three lovely Doric temple with fat
cigar-shaped columns to run around and lots of open space. Take a picnic.
Paestum is also a beach resort –
so spend some time relaxing at the seaside.
Sport and Leisure
Golf Club Volturnogolf
9 holes - Par 35 -
Via Domitiana km. 35,300 c/o Holiday Inn Resort
81030 Castelvolturno (CE) - tel. 081/5095150 fax. 081/5095855
Presidente : Avv. Luigi D'Angiolella -
Segretario: Carlo Porcelluzzi
Golf Club Salerno
Via Lago Trasimeno,11 84098 Pontecagnano (SA)
Tel. 089-203337 - Fax 089-200261 email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Presidente : Dott. Paolo Genovese - Direttore : Francesco Langella
Exploring its landscape, visitors can discover the ancient lost cities
of Pompeii and Herculaneum, the remains of Paestum and Velia, the enchanting
islands of Capri, Ischia, and Procida, and the delights of the Amalfi
coast. The most "classic" routes through its islands and coasts
are extremely well known, but they can be seen in a fresh light just by
moving slightly inland from the sea to discover areas full of wonderful
surprises. There are plenty of interesting routes for cyclists, although,
with the exception of the Sele plains, all the other paths follow extremely
Diving and Sailing
In the National Park of Cilento. Fantastic way of for excursions towards
the worlds famous archaeological areas of Paestum, Pompei, Isle of Capri,
Isle of Ischia, Amalfitan Coast, Coves of Pertosa and Castelcivita, Certosa
di Padula, Palinuro, Velia and in the National Park of the Cilento. The
whole of the coast line of Campania and the islands offer a myriad opportunities
Wines of Campania
The Falerni, an ancient population that inhabited the Cosertano area,
were the first ones who produced Falerno wine. The ancient vintage wine
was also acclaimed for its excellence by the Latin writer Plinio (the
elder) and Marziale. Faleno wine still exists, but there are various descendants.
All of the region of Campania is excellent for its wines and vineyards.
From the land and expert work and hands, new nectars are born such as
the Greco di Tufo one of the oldest DOC wines of Italy, dry, white and
can be served cool as a very good aperitif. Capri produced in small quantities
on the wonderful island. this wine is dry, white and should be served
cool, Vesuvio and the Bianconella d’Ischia; others worthy of mention
are Taurasi rosso and Fiano bianco, Bianco Falanghina and Asprino bianco;
very good red wines include Aglianichello, Per’e Palummo, Solopaca
and Conca. Lacrima Christi, red if mellowed a very good with roast meats
Food of Campania
The fertile volcanic soil of Campania combines with a perfect climate
to produce the best fruit and vegetables in Italy. The Romans were quick
to appreciate the richness of the Soil, the beauty of the landscape, the
dry soft climate and the warmth of the inhabitants. Campania became their
vast vegetable garden and their orchard, as well as the playground of
the wealthy. On the whole the local cooking is quick and brief. This is
exemplified in the fritto misto a dish aptly described in Neapolitan dialect
by the expression frienno magnanno, meaning frying and eating. The food
must be eaten straight after it comes out of the frying pan. The cheese
which immediately comes to mind when speaking of Naples is mozzarella,
which, in union with the tomato, has found its apotheosis in the pizza.
But many other cheeses are produced in Campania, both from cow's and sheep's
milk: scamorza, provolone, caciocavallo and pecorino, all of which can
be fresh or aged and are equally excellent. They are an everyday component
of a Neapolitan meal, as is the sublime local fruit. It is only on special
occasions that sweets arrive at the table, usually rich and elaborate,
reminiscent of Arab cooking, and related to religious feasts.
Capodichino Airport, 8kms to the north of the city, handles domestic and
international flights. The train station can be reached easily from the
airport by bus. To go to the Amalfi Coast it is easiest to rent a car,
otherwise the local train service the Circumvesuviana regularly leaves
from Naples main train station to Sorrento. From there buses make their
way along the winding road to Positano, Amalfi and Ravello. Naples also
has very active ports from where you can get regular ferries and hydrofoils
to Capri, Ischia, Procida and Sorrento, and in high-season to Positano
and Amalfi. Car ferries to Procida and Ischia leave from Pozzuoli, 12
kms north-west of the city.
National train lines go from Naples
and further east and southwards. The Circumvesuviana
is a local private train link serving the area around the Mount Vesuvius
from Naples to Sorrento. This train service is particularly interesting
because it is the only reasonable public transport link to Pompeii, Herculaneum
and the Vesuvius.
Also see www.campania.worldweb.com/Transportation/Trains
Stazione Centrale is the main train station with frequent trains to Rome,
Sorrento and Pompeii. The train station is situated on Piazza Garibaldi
at the eastern end of the city centre.
The regional train operator Circumvesuviana (website
has services to Pompeii and Sorrento with trains terminating at Ferrovia
Circumvesuviana on Via Garibaldi, south-west of the main station. Two
other regional train operators, Ferrovia Cumana and Circumflegrea, operate
services from Stazione Cumana to Cuma (Cumae) and Pozzuoli. Stazione Maritima
is where you can catch ferries and hydrofoils for Capri and Sorrento as
well as further airfield to destinations in Sardinia, Sicily and Tunisia.
Mergellina harbour, further to the south-west, has ferries and hydrofoils
to many of the islands in the Golfo di Napoli. Alilauro, Caremar, Linee
Lauro (website www.lauro.it),
NLG, Siremar, SNAV and Tirrenia (website
and operate ferry services from Naples.
To see an extensive list of companies flying to Campania www.getmore4less.co.uk/results.php?keyword=cheap%20flight%20to%20naples
Naples International Airport (website
offers scheduled flights to 15 domestic and 9 international destinations
including many important European capitals (London, Paris, Brussels) as
well as over 50 regular charter destinations. Buses between the airport
and the train station run every 25 minutes
From Milan, Bologna, Firenze take the A1 motorway to Campania.
By Ferry to the islands
Ferries for Capri and Ischia depart from Sorrento and both Mergellina
harbour and Stazione Maritima in Naples. For a complete guide refer to
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Local festivals, fairs and costumed events
Fragneto Monforte: International Hot
Air Balloon Pageant (October).
Foglianise: Wheat Harvest Festival (August).
Ponte: Historical Parade and Pageant
Pontelandolfo: Carnival Parade and Cheese
S. Agata dei Goti: Historical Carnival
Naples: Blood Miracle Festival of San
Gennaro (1st Saturday in May, September).
Pozzuoli: Banner Pageant for the Assumption
Amalfi: Historical Regatta (June every
Avellino: Costumed Races and Sports
Benevento: Festival of the Madonna of
the Graces (July).
Caserta: Festival of St. Sebastian (January).
Marina di Puolo: Festa dell'Addolorata
The Campania climate along the coasts and on the islands is extremely
mild: average annual temperatures are 11 °C in winter and 26 °C
in summer. Inland, the weather conditions vary from area to area: the
rainy areas are Matese and Partenio; Irpinia is the driest area with the
highest temperature differences (20 °C). The tallest peaks are snow-capped
from December to late April
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